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Diving in Alexandria

About Egypt - Diving in Alexandria     
Built by ALEXANDER THE GREAT in 331 B.C.
The light house of ALEXANDRIA, one of the 7 wonders of the world, was built by Ptoleme II. 
It had 3 floors with Zeus statue on top of it and at the entrance of the lighthouse, the statues of Ptoleme the king and his queen, facing the sea. 
Zeus statue height was 135m. 
Parts of the lighthouse and these statues are now lying underwater at 7m depth.
Alexandria has several historic diving sites.
 
The Underwater city of Cleopatra
Located in the Eastern harbor of Alexandria.  The city lies both inside and outside the harbor (Pharos Island - part of the royal quarter). The city collapsed and fell into the sea after several earthquakes.  The most unique feature of our dives is the fact that they are historical.
The Ancient Greek Wreck
Located outside the harbor at about 500 meters North West of the harbor entrance, at 15m. The bottom composition is rocky and sandy and the aquatic life in this area is rich with Mediterranean fish.  Hundreds of Greco-Roman Amphorae, in different colors and shapes, are scattered all around the site, together with an anchor that goes back to Napoleon time ... all in one dive.
Pharos Island
Located outside the Eastern harbor, around the citadel, at a depth of 8m. It contains more than 5000 archeological pieces scattered on an area of 100 x 50m, reflecting the strength of the earthquakes that hit the city of Alexandria destroyed its beauty.  The site also contains thousands of columns, statues and sphinxes.
Lovers Island
Located inside the Eastern harbor, at a depth of 5m with a visibility from 5 to 10m.  In this site you will see the lime stones that once formed the Summer Palace of Mark Anthony.  You will also find Amphorae and Columns together with a Second World War Italian airplane that enhances the beauty of the underwater world in Alexandria.  
 
The Underwater city of Heracleon
Located in Abo Kir, the eastern end of Alexandria . The story is related to the exploration of Heracles in the Mediterranean and the dramatic return of the heros from the Trojan war. Heracles left his name to the town Heracleon and also to the Canopic mouth of the Nile , otherwise known as Heracleon mouth.
Location
Located at a distance of 4 km. from the cost of Abou Kir bay, at the same altitude of the fort of Abou Kir, at depth of 8m., covering an area of 120 Hectars showing a city, with its buildings, lying between a secondary brach and a lake, and a pharaonic style temple. The harbor basin is constructed from huge lime stone blocks. The temple housed 3 colossi carved on red granite for Ptolemy & his queen, the God personifying the flooding of the Nile .
Other Findings
Stone monuments of varying sizes, ritual utinsils and bronze figuries, Gold and bronze coins and pottery. Most of these art crafts belong to the span of the 4th. to the 1st. centuries BC. and they enhance the prosperity of the temple at the time of the PTOLEMY.
 
Napoleon History Wrecks
August 1 st 1798: the French fleet of Vice-Admiral de Bruey, which anchored in Abo Kir Bay , was taken by surprise by the British fleet of Admiral Lord Nelson. A horrific battle at a short distance took place. Although the forces were of equal strength (14 vessels against 13) the battle became a disaster. The result was disastrous for the French: eleven vessels, the flagship Orient and two frigates were destroyed and captured. 17.000 men with Admiral de Bruey and three other commanding officers among them died, 1.500 were wounded and 3.000 men were imprisoned by the British (Nelson set most of them free after a short time because he was not able to feed them).
Only two vessels ( Guillaume Tell and the Genénéraux ) and two frigates ( Diane and Justice ) succeeded in getting away from the disaster.
The Orient Wreck
Found at depth of 14 m. about 300m. east to Nelson island of Abo Kir .
The preserved area is 35m. long by 15m. wide.
 The site revealed a homogenously preserved wreck which show a lot of preserved elements as :
4 bilge pumps around the site of the mail mast
The remain of the rudder
Significant concentration of Gold coins ( 230 pieces )
Numrous anchors, scatered around Orient
Big French cannons , Cannon balls, 100s of small bullets




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